Blog

Heat Transfer Mechanisms

The 4 Essential Heat Transfer Mechanisms

Do not exercise on cotton clothing, it is not breathable! Avoid wearing dark clothing if you go out to exercise on a sunny day! It is too hot, pour cold water over your head at the aid stations! Use a fan if you do indoor cycling at home! You often

Read More »
Cardiac Output Modulation

Rest-to-Exercise Cardiovascular Changes (I): Cardiac Output

When we get involved in physical activity, one of the undeniable responses that we become aware of is an increased heart rate. However, increased heart rate is just one example within a highly complex network of physiological variables that vary in concordance with the physiological demands that exercise requires to

Read More »
How does AMPK modulate metabolism

How does AMPK modulate metabolism?

As a master molecule within the regulation of energy metabolism, AMPK leads many of the responses and adaptations to exercise with a common goal: prevent further homeostatic disruption. From a simple translocation of a glucose transporter to inhibition of gene expression, numerous mechanisms are modulated by AMPK. The many different

Read More »
AMPK, an energy stress sensor

AMPK, an energy stress sensor

If you like music, think of the orchestra conductor. If you like football, think of a central midfielder, such as Kevin De Bruyne, or Andrés Iniesta. This is the role of AMPK within the cell: to sense the cellular energy status and balance the energy consumption with its production. This

Read More »
Introduction to Exercise Physiology and Sport Nutrition

An introduction to Exercise Physiology and Sport Nutrition

The human physiology is just amazing. As you sit reading this introduction, countless perfectly coordinated and integrated events are occurring simultaneously in your body. These events allow complex functions, such as hearing, seeing, breathing, and information processing, to continue without any conscious effort. If you stand up, walk out the

Read More »